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Congo 1960/68

Shortly after the chaotic dissolution of the Belgian Congo, President Moise Tshombe proclaimed Katanga, one of the territory's wealthiest provinces which had accounted for nearly fifty per cent of Congolese revenues, an independent and autonomous nation. According to Tshombe and his officials at the time, this action was taken to secede from chaos and because the current regime under Prime Minister Lumumba was following a Communist line. The Katangan government went on to appeal for Belgian military aid to support their unilateral declaration of independence. Tshome was also seeking support and recognition from the United S Shortly after the chaotic dissolution of the Belgian Congo, President Moise Tshombe proclaimed Katanga, one of the territory's wealthiest provinces which had accounted for nearly fifty per cent of Congolese revenues, an independent and autonomous nation. According to Tshombe and his officials at the time, this action was taken to secede from chaos and because the current regime under Prime Minister Lumumba was following a Communist line. The Katangan government went on to appeal for Belgian military aid to support their unilateral declaration of independence. Tshome was also seeking support and recognition from the United States for his cause, as he felt that they shared a common concern for possible exploitation of the Congo Crisis by the Soviet Union.

A common myth in 1961 among the United Nations in general was that Katanga was an expression of indigenous nationalist sentiment. However, this was true only in part. The political leaders of the northern districts in the province were actively opposed to independence, and the Katangan population never directly consulted on the matter. In reality, secession proved to be a strategy designed to preserve the comparative wealth of Katanga and stability of the region in general. Maintaining support of the European-descended white settler elite was also a priority of President Tshombe, as they possessed much-needed professional skills and an exodus of such people in the face of anarchy or Communist rule would likely prove fatal to their homeland's industry.

Within a week of Katanga's UDI, Prime Minister Lumumba sent a telegram to the Secretary-General of the UN, insisting that something be done about "Belgium's military aggression" in his country and their overt backing of Katangan secession. Lumumba solicited "urgent military assistance" due to the central government in Leopoldville's inability to maintain order in the massive country. He went on to blame post-independence Belgian intrigues for the present crisis. Inside the United Nations itself, feelings towards Katanga was generally mixed. Britain and France remained neutral, the latter quietly hostile towards the very idea of peacekeeping in Congo. The British initially provided general assistance to the UN troops who were eventually dispatched, but refused to cooperate with subsequent efforts to deal with Tshombe's rebellious regime. Portugal and the Union of South Africa were openly hostile towards the operation from its very conception, and maintained consistent opposition against any interference with the Katanga state.

A common myth in 1961 among the United Nations in general was that Katanga was an expression of indigenous nationalist sentiment. However, this was true only in part. The political leaders of the northern districts in the province were actively opposed to independence, and the Katangan population never directly consulted on the matter. In reality, secession proved to be a strategy designed to preserve the comparative wealth of Katanga and stability of the region in general. Maintaining support of the European-descended white settler elite was also a priority of President Tshombe, as they possessed much-needed professional skills and an exodus of such people in the face of anarchy or Communist rule would likely prove fatal to their homeland's industry.

Within a week of Katanga's UDI, Prime Minister Lumumba sent a telegram to the Secretary-General of the UN, insisting that something be done about "Belgium's military aggression" in his country and their overt backing of Katangan secession. Lumumba solicited "urgent military assistance" due to the central government in Leopoldville's inability to maintain order in the massive country. He went on to blame post-independence Belgian intrigues for the present crisis. Inside the United Nations itself, feelings towards Katanga was generally mixed. Britain and France remained neutral, the latter quietly hostile towards the very idea of peacekeeping in Congo. The British initially provided general assistance to the UN troops who were eventually dispatched, but refused to cooperate with subsequent efforts to deal with Tshombe's rebellious regime. Portugal and the Union of South Africa were openly hostile towards the operation from its very conception, and maintained consistent opposition against any interference with the Katanga state.

.........................................................

On 14 July 1960, in response to requests by Prime Minister Lumumba, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 143. This called upon Belgium to remove its military personnel from the Congo, especially in the case of Katanga, and for the UN to provide 'military assistance' to the Congolese forces to allow them 'to meet fully their tasks'. Lumumba demanded that Belgium remove its troops immediately, threatening to seek help from the Soviet Union if they did not leave within two days. The UN reacted quickly and established United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC). The first UN troops arrived the next day but there was instant disagreement between Lumumba and the UN over the new force's mandate. Because the Congolese army had been in disarray, Lumumba wanted to use the UN peacekeepers to subdue Katanga by force.  Referring to the resolution, Lumumba wrote to UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld, ‘From these texts it is clear that, contrary to your personal interpretation, the UN force may be used to subdue the rebel government of Katanga.’ ONUC refused. To Hammarskjöld, the secession of Katanga was an internal Congolese matter and the UN was forbidden to intervene by Article 2 of the United Nations Charter.

Disagreements over what the UN force could and could not do continued throughout its deployment, despite the passage of two further Security Council resolutions. Passed on 22 July, Security Council Resolution 145 affirmed that Congo should be a unitary state and strengthened the call for Belgium to withdraw its forces. On 9 August, Security Council Resolution 146 mentioned Katanga for the first time, and explicitly allowed UN forces to enter Katanga whilst forbidding their use to 'intervene in or influence the outcome of any internal conflict.'

A subject of much controversy was Belgium's involvement with Katanga. Brussels had neither inspired or engineered Moise Tshombe's scheme of Katangan secession, but provided technical, financial, and military aid in order to keep Katanga stable in terms of public order and domestic security. The Belgians went on to advise the ONUC force against unnecessary interventions against the state, as it would only "risk increasing the confusion." At the same time, Pierre Wigny, the Foreign Minister, informed the United States, France, and Britain that his government was opposed to Tshombe's intrigues and was concerned that long-term separation would compromise Congo's economic vitality. Despite the fact that most of Belgium's military personnel were withdrawn from Katanga in September 1960, over two hundred stayed on, making horizontal career shifts into roles as paid mercenaries serving with the nation's Gendarmes. As late as 1963, several of these soldiers of fortune were still at large, having shed their military uniforms for civilian dress. Other notable Belgian nationals who stayed on included political advisers and some diplomatic ministers. Upon the arrival of United Nations forces in the Congo, they were opposed to allowing ONUC freedom of movement in Katanga and insisted upon obstructing the peacekeeping effort. This view was generally strengthened with President Tshombe himself as time advanced, especially with increasingly vocal demands from Leopoldville that the UN use their military advantage to forcibly remove his regime from power. The Security Council, however, only reaffirmed that the ONUC would not be party to any internal disputes but would enter Katanga to assist with keeping the peace. The first such personnel, largely Swedish forces, entered Élisabethville, the Katangan capital city, on August 12, 1960.

All of this only frustrated the Congolese government, which, on August 27, launched a poorly-organized, ill-fated, incursion into Katanga with ANC soldiers trucked into the province on a motley assortment of Soviet military vehicles. It was unclear what the subsequent rampage attempted to accomplish, but the attackers, who were busily raping and murdering their way through the countryside, were quickly driven off by the European-officered Katangan Army. This incident would only lead to the further deterioration of relations between the two governments; sporadic clashes would continue for the next two years.

Only shortly afterwards, Patrice Lumumba was replaced in a coup d'état by Joseph Mobutu. On 17 January 1961 Mobutu sent Lumumba to Élisabethville where he was tortured and executed shortly after arrival.

The United Nations Security Council met in the wake of Lumumba's death in a highly emotional atmosphere charged with anti-colonial feeling and rhetoric. On 21 February 1961 the Council adopted resolution 161, which authorised 'all appropriate measures' to 'prevent the occurrence of civil war in the Congo, including '... the use of force, if necessary, in the last resort'. This resolution demanded the expulsion from the Congo of all Belgian troops and foreign mercenaries, but did not explicitly mandate the UN to conduct offensive operations. However, it was ultimately interpreted by the local UN forces to justify military operations in ending the secession of Katanga. Despite the resolution, during the next six months the UN undertook no major military operations, concentrating instead on facilitating several rounds of political negotiations. However, many sources on location claimed that UN personnel initiated and maintained a high degree of violence and were both overtly and indirectly responsible for hundreds if not even thousands of civilian deaths.

From late 1960 onwards, Katanga was characterised by a series of clashes between pro-Tshombe loyalists and their fellow countrymen, Baluba tribesmen, whose political leaders were nominally allied to Leopoldville and opposed Katangan secession. Smaller battles were fought against ANC units attacking from other provinces, as well. Sparsely deployed and on many occasions even outgunned by both sides, UN forces had an almost hopeless task of attempting to prevent outright civil war. Anticipating the need for continued ONUC presence in the state, the Security Council authorized an increased presence in Élisabethville. By mid 1961, however, presidential security forces had killed almost 7,000 Balubas. Factional strife also began to engulf the struggling regime. Increased numbers of peacekeepers only enraged the Baluba people, who viewed the United Nations as an unwanted intruder and began attacking both Katangan and UN soldiers with little discrimination.

In February 1961, attempting to bolster his position in Katanga, Moise Tshombe began importing more and more foreign mercenaries from neighboring states to assist his Gendarmes. The "Mercenary Problem", as the international community termed it, was a major concern of the ONUC. The Katangan Army was already staffed by Belgian officers, and white volunteers of Belgian extract constituted about one hundred and seventeen men under Tshombe's direction. Although from January to February 1961, gestures were made to remove these 'illegal combatants' from the Congo, their places were quickly taken by a sizable force of close to five hundred British, Rhodesian, French, and South African irregulars. Many of them were given command assignments in the Gendarmes, while others formed a pro-Tshombe unit known as the "International Company", composed chiefly of white South African fighters.

Especially notable among the French mercenaries were professional career soldiers who had fought in the Algerian War. Several in particular were the heads of a paracommando training program in Katanga. On March 30, one of the first public reports mentioning large contingents of foreign soldiers claimed that the mercenaries in Katanga included "Belgians, Italians, and 100 South Africans". Serious fighting soon broke out as President Tshombe began to incite both Katangan civilians and white mercenaries to attack UN forces after the ONUC dispatched elements of a nearly 5,000 man-strong Indian brigade into the capital. On April 5, 1961, the Secretary-General criticised Belgian mercenaries for their service in Katanga and condemned Tshombe for turning the Katangan public against the United Nations Force. Hostilities broke out again just three days later, when Belgian and South African Gendarmes assaulted Kabalo, a Baluba town in northern Katanga, and engaged the Ethiopian peacekeepers stationed there. In the battle that followed, at least thirty mercenaries were disarmed and captured. It was not until April 30 that the State of Katanga agreed to cease hostilities against the ONUC.

In June, President Tshombe was arrested after attending the Coquilhatville Conference of Congo Leaders by Joseph Mobutu's police, the day he was about to board a plane back to his country. He was held under house arrest and charged with inciting revolt against the Congolese government, the illegal seizure of arms and aircraft, and printing counterfeit money by issuing a Katangan currency. Tshombe subsequently signed a pledge to reunite Katanga with rest of the nation, and was released accordingly. However, by August it was clear he had no intention of implementing this agreement. Tshombe openly declared in a speech that month that he would defend Katanga's rights as a sovereign state and would do everything to maintain this status quo even in the face of all opposition.

In August and September, the UN conducted two operations to arrest and repatriate mercenary soldiers and the Belgian political advisers from Katanga by military force, deeming that such foreigners were the backbone behind the regime. The first operation was carried out by Indian UNF troops, who began rounding up mercenaries at five in the morning, culminating in the bloodless capture of nearly four hundred men. Not a single shot had been fired. Although Belgium's consul in Katanga was ordered to deport the remaining Belgian nationals, including political advisers, he countered that he could only exercise legal authority over those who were official staff affiliated with his nation's government or military.

Altogether, about three hundred of those captured were expelled from Congo, although several of the mercenaries later returned. White Katangans especially resented this action by the UN. Tshombe was taken by surprise, and tensions escalated rapidly. On September 11, the UNF further demanded that all foreigners serving as police officers in Katanga be expelled, but the president did not comply. Any chances of negotiation for the peaceful removal of remaining foreign players was quickly crushed by the revelation that some UN personnel had been planning to aid in a conspiracy to remove Tshombe from power, seize the radio station in Élisabethville, and apprehend his Gendarmes. The Katangans quickly unearthed the plot, and when Tshome confronted the UN with his charges it was revealed, much to the latter's embarrassment, that these allegations were based on fairly solid evidence. If such an incident had been allowed to take place, it would clearly have been considered a violation of the ONUC's vows to remain neutral in internal issues besides taking proper action to prevent a major conflict. The following day, hostilities reopened after some Irish soldiers protecting civilians in Jadotville were surrounded by a superior force of Gendarmes, including many Europeans. Despite suffering several attacks launched by Katanga's mercenary-piloted Air Force in support of the Gendarme unit, the troopers refused to surrender and were resupplied with fresh ammunition by UN helicopters.

No longer able to take the increasing violence in Katanga, the ONUC commanders finally agreed to a new plan which would remove the Katangan government from power. It called for UNF troops to apprehend mercenaries, seize post offices and radio stations in Élisabethville, and send a representative from the central Congolese government to take command. This attempt was not at all bloodless. It was in fact resisted by the Gendarmes and their mercenary allies. The initial UN initiative to take over the post offices was efficiently repulsed. Later that day, Katangan soldiers launched a coordinated attack on ONUC forces. An eight-day battle was waged in the city for over a week, resulting in the deaths of eleven UN personnel. One company of Irish staff, the same which had previously fought at Jadotville, were captured. Tshombe's army enjoyed unchallenged air power, and the tiny Katangan Air Force carried out successful strafing and bombing runs on UN positions entrenched in Jadotville, Élisabethville, and Kamina.

The dismal failure of the UNF could also be attributed to inferior equipment. While the Gendarmes were armed with modern Belgian rifles, heavy machine guns, mortars, and armored cars, the vast majority of UN troopers used antiquated rifles and World War II-era vehicles plated with only makeshift protection. During the fighting, the Katangan authorities offered a conditional ceasefire, which was immediately rejected by the ONUC. Eventually, it soon became clear that any objective to depose Moise Tshombe had failed. The British, Belgian, and French governments became especially critical of 'peacekeeping operations' in Congo which would involve such interference in domestic affairs. They called for an immediate ceasefire. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, protested that more force should have been used to subdue Katanga and initiate an immediate reunification with the Mobutu government.

Limited peace negotiations ensued, in the course of which, UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld died in a plane crash near Ndola, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia).

Under UN pressure (military attacks), Tshombe later agreed to a three-stage plan from the acting Secretary General, U Thant, that would have reunited Katanga with Congo. However, this remained an agreement on paper only. The Katangan government insisted that, should the plan in full be honored by Leopoldville, Tshombe be entitled to aid in drafting a new Congolese constitution and elect his own representatives to Parliament. However, both sides began to express reservations about the terms less than a week later. The president wished that his agreement should be ratified by his national assembly before it could be considered binding; this misunderstanding quickly led to a collapse in relations with Congolese leader Cyrille Adola's regime. The frustrated United Nations went on to adopt a new plan, one that called for the adoption of a federal constitution in Congo within thirty days, an end to the illegal Katangan rebellion, the unification of currency, and the sharing of mining revenues on a fifty-fifty split between Katanga and the central government. U Thant, who was the chief architect of this proposal, also demanded that Tshombe unconditionally release all of his political prisoners. Belgium and the United States, hoping that the latter would have a positive role in reforming a unified Congo, endorsed the plan. While Cyrille Adola immediately accepted this compromise, Moise Tshombe stipulated conditions. A series of discussions hosted by the UN followed, although it failed to yield tangible results. Thant, who had become increasingly incensed by what he regarded as the Katangan state stalling for time, imposed economic sanctions. This, however, only succeeded in destroying the last hopes the Secretary-General had for a peaceful integration. On December 19, an exasperated Tshombe withdrew from ongoing negotiations in protest.

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South Kasai a province in the Congo

On 8th August 1960 the autonomous Mining State of South Kasai was proclaimed with its capital at Mbuji-Mayi (Bakwanga to day), and Albert Kalonji was named president of South Kasai. On 16th July 1960 Kalonji rejected royalty status and became Emperor Albert I.

After a bloody four month military campaign during which thousands of civilians were massacred, ANC central government troops re-conquered the region and arrested Kalonji on 30th December 1961, thus ending the South Kasai secession.

South Kasai had very few mercenaries, among them were:

GILLET. France 1960 Colonel.

JEAN. Belgium.

KIMM  Jules. Belgium 1960 Lieutenant. 14th September.1960 killed in action near Luputa.
LASIMONE. France.1961 Captain.

ROBERTS. John Meredith Smith/. Born 28th September 1937 in England. 24th August 1960 Captain (pay: £172 pr. month + £3 pr. day in action). 30th October 1960 arrested by UN and expelled.

VLEIGH George. Belgium. 1960 Commandant. 14th September 1960  killed in ambush near Luputa.

Copyright  Frode Hansen 13th September 2012

............................................

During 1961 Moise Tshombe employed Russell Cargil to recruit volunteers from outside of Katanga to serve as a Police Force within Katanga.

The first Volunteers became known as

'Compagnie Internationale'

At one time there were 44 volunteers in this group

Photo of Russell Cargil's first group of volunteers

To enlarge click on photo repeat to shrink

 

Photo from Nigel Osborn and taken at Mitwaba April 1961, first batch of mercs from South Africa head to Manono.

The following is a list of these first volunteers recruited by Russell Cargil

Photos
Name
Date of Birth
Place
Country
When
Extra Details
 
Athanasiou John
15.04.38
Istiaia
Greece
1961
.
 
Bellotto Primo
01.01.35
Gorisia
Italy
1961
.
 
Botes Viotz Lourons
20.02.24
Vlakspruit
S. Africa
1961
.
Browne Richard William
21.02.26
Blandford
UK
1961
Commander. Captured by UN and Expelled
 
Cargil Russell
.
.
.
1961
Ist Recruiter for Tshombe, and later for Mike Hoare.
 
Carton-Barber Arthur Lindsay
28.03.28.
Joburg
S. Africa
1961
.
 
Clark John Walter
17.09.17
Durban
S. Africa
1961
.
 
D'Annunzie Luigi
31.10.35
Casalanguida
Italy
1961
.
 
D'Oliverira
31.12.33
Durban
S.Africa
1961
Known as the 'Lemon Drop Kid'. Ex Motorcycle Police Officer
 
Dupreez Thomas Hofmeyr
14.02.34
Krugoradorf
S.Africa
1961
.
 
Fourie J.
1965
 
Gordon Ian Graham
10.05.33
Woking
UK
1961
.
Grant Donald Norman
22.04.24
1961
Brother of John
 
Grant John Mawer
19.07.25
Detroit USA
1961
Brother of Donald.
 
Hopkins Thomas Harry
17.09.19
London
UK
1961
.
 
Legg Donald Robert
04.10.34
Blundol Sand
UK
1961
.
 
MacArthur William B
20.02.26
Scotland
UK
1961
.
 
Mackintosh Derek Donald
.19.08.32
Durban
S. Africa
1961
.
Osborn Nigel
19.10.37
London
UK
1961
Captured by UN and Expelled. But returned later.
 
Orsmund Gilbert John
03.10.16
Krugersdorf
S. Africa
1961
.
 
Quinn Nicholas Johannes
10.10.14
.
S. Africa
1961
.
 
Whitehorn Leslie Harold
14.01.38
Johannesburg
S.Africa
1961
.
 
Wood Gerald Edward
03.07.41
Stockton
UK
1961
.
  .          

It must be realised that this web site is dedicated to Mercenaries. However, in the Congo many fought along side Katangan citizens which is why the following list is being included.

During 1961 The Katangan Government already had a fighting unit in place known as 'Force Katangaise' 4th Commando

This unit was made up of locally recruited Citizens, Belgiums, Doctors, Pilots and other volunteers with military backgrounds from around the world.

At one time even Mike Hoare was a member.

After December 1961 4 Commando name was never used again.

Photo Gallery

Photos
Name
Date of Birth
Place
Country
Served
Extra Details
Ashton Tom
1961
.
Barvaux
1961
Killed in 2nd Battle of Katanga
Bernstein
1961
Bosquet
1961
In charge of Kongola
Bond Peter
1961
Wounded by the UN Ethiopians.
Butler Michael Thomas
26.10.37
.
Cremer Andre
1961
Hired to Assassinate UN staff
Cruz C.A. de Oliver
Portugal
1961
2nd Infantry Battalion 1961
De-Clary  Michel
France
1961
First significant battle.Captured Jadotville
Delin Joseph
S. Africa
1960
Pilot Katanga Air force
Donaldson Simon
1961
Ex Guardsman, eaten by the Balubas.
Faulques Robert (Rene)
France
1961
Command volunteers in Katanga late 1961
Fereira It
Portugal
1961
2nd Infantry Battalion 1961
Gyurkits Sandor
Hungary
1961
Katanga Pilot
Hedges Jimmy
1961
Ex WW2 very good Pilot. A newspaper article about Jimmy
 
Hoare Mike
Huyghe Carlos
Belgium
1960
Recruiting pilots for Tshombe
 
Keene Alexander James
07.08.14
Boksburg
S. Africa
1961
 
Kemp Johan Christo
28.01.20
1961
 
Koekemoer Alexander 'Cooky'
1961
 
Koekemoer Johannes Andries
16.09.19
1961
McKay Ted
Yorkshire
UK
1961
From Yorshire, eaten by Balubas tribes men.
Mason Unwin Collyer
22.07.35
1961
Mckechnie Ewen
1961
Oglethorpe Vic
1960
Naismith Jock
1961
Burnt his legs on a camp stove
Nel Christian Phillipus
01.01.17
Zeacrust ?
S. Africa
1961
Pretorius Connie
1961
Wounded by the UN Ethiopians.
Prontin
Belgium
1961
Commandant Before Mike Hoare arrived
Raggazzi Mario
23.10.35
Chicsa V. Malenco
Italy
Rosez Victor E
24.09.45
Dendermonde
Belgium
1961
Under the direct orders of Gen. l Muke. In November 1964 went to Stanleyville as a member of the Belgian Military and Technical Assistance (ATMB)
Schamme Jean
1961
Farmer in Katanga later lead volunteer group
Sher Harry
22.03.31
Gwelo
Rhodesia
1961
Stewart Jimmy
1961
Wounded by the Balubas.
Trinquier Roger
1960
Returned to France after the fall of the Congo
 
Van der Walt Phipip Stephanus
26.06.27
Durban
S. Africa
1961
 
Vanewalle
Belgium
1961
Adviser to Belgian Consulate. 1964 overall Command
 
Vermeutyn Geordie
1961
   
 

When asked to form a new Commando unit Mike Hoare choose to name it '5 Commando' to prevent confusion.

If you go to the book section of this site you will find all of Mike Hoare's books featured and at this moment in time you can get them personally signed.

The Road to Kalamata (A Mercenary's Personal Memoir). Is an account of Mike Hoare's time while with 4 Commando.

The following is a list of known volunteers who joined the 5 Commando

Later it is hoped the 5th Cdo. can be broken down into smaller units i.e. 6-9-14-51-52-53-55-57 ect. etc.

 
Surnane
Date of Birth
Place
Country
Served
Extra Details
 
Ackerman Jack
Durban
S.Africa
53 Cdo.
 
Agget-Griffin Neville 'Lucky'
53 Cdo.
 
Alexiou George
Greece
Wounded August 1964 in Albertville
 
Allan J. R.
 
Allison T. J.
Sgt in 'Force Oscar' during the third contract period.
 
Amberleigh Frank
1932
Rhodesia
1965
Arrived in Albertville August 1965. Appointed Capt. 26th Sept 1965 submitted his resignation & Mike Hoare accepted
 
Anderson B. N.
 
Anderson D. A.
 
Andreka Ron
Germany
1965
Sgt in 52 Cdo during 1965. 16th March 1965 killed near Noika
 
Augustyn L.
 
Bairstow R. W.
 
Bartlet B.
1965
'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen in December 1965
 
Basson Freddie
.
.
.
1964
Sgt. in 57 Cdo. Commanded by Capt. Ian Gordon. On the 24th Nov 1964 he was killed by Vanie Rukulu.
 
Barker T. R.
 
Bayoud
1965
'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen in December 1965
Beal Ivan
53 Cdo.
Beer Colin
London
UK
53 Cdo.
 
Beer Vic de
1965
54 Cdo.
 
Begeman
1965
'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen in December 1965
 
Bekker
.
.
.
1965
Sept 1965 volunteered under Capt. Hugh van Oppen in 'Force Oscar'. Oct 1965 Lt. 1st Dec 1965 Lt. & Chief of the 'Force Oscar'.
 
Bell-Seyer
53 Cdo.
 
Belloto
Italy
Lt. 5 Cdo
 
Belstead
1965
'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen in December 1965
 
Beneke P. R.
 
Bester C. C.
 
Bezeuidenhout Ginger
S. Africa
1964
Sept 1964 served in 53 Cdo under Lt Jack Maiden
 
Bima R. A.
 
Bishop Jimmy
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Blottnitz Gerd von
1937
Berlin
Germany
1964
Aug 1964 Adj. 9th Sep 1964 Adj. in 52 Cdo. Jany 1965 Adj. / Head of 5 Cdo Payments Office.
 
Borman Reiner
1965
52 Cdo Mar / April killed near Niangara.
 
Bornman S. T.
 
Borradaile Basil
Rhodesia
1965
June 1965 Lt.
 
Bothma F. H.
 
Botuschofsky Peter
.1943
Juterborg
E.Germany
1964
Dec 1964
 
Bouve Raymond
.
.
Belgium.
1964/65
5 Cdo Feb 1965. Adj. 6th May. 1965 Lt.
 
Bouwer J. Chris
1965
27th Oct 1965 wounded in the arm near Fizi.
 
Boycott Geoff
1964
5 Cdo.
 
Bradbury Jonny
1964
5 Cdo.
 
Bradshaw Harry
53 Cdo.
 
Bradshaw Frank
Rhodesia
 
Brady Jim
1965
Feb1965 Sgt Maj.
 
Braghieri Angelo
1966
Sgt Maj. under Lt.-Col John Peters.
 
Braham Dave
.
.
Kenya
1964
.
 
Brandis von
1965
Feb 1965 Sgt. in 65 Cdo.
 
Branter J.
1965
Sgt Maj. in 'Force Oscar"
 
Brenhardt Joseph
1920
Germany
1965
Feb 1965 Capt. / Doctor.
 
Bridge Eric
.
.
UK
1964
Lt. in 5 Cdo. 29th Aug 1965 wounded in the face / arm and evacuated.
Britz Abie
1965
 
Brock Cyril
.
.
.
1964
killed in action near the border with Sudan.
 
Bromilow
1965
Driver in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Brown A. C.
 
Brundyn
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Cap. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Burger S. W. L.
.
.
.
1965/66
5 Cdo. Feb 1965 RSM. 1966 Capt.
 
Calder Head J. P.
 
Calistrat Ferdinand
.
Romania
1964
Romania-Stateless-then Spain. 14th Oct 1964 Capt. / Commander of 55 Cdo. 19th Nov 1964 Capt. / Intelligence. 21st Nov 1964 Capt. / Liasion sent to Leopoldville. Dec 1964 fired.
 
Campbell-Smith F.
 
Carta Antonio
1928
Italy
1964/65
5 Cdo
 
Carter Alan
British
1964/65
57 Cdo.
 
Carton Barber Arthur Lindsay (Jack)
28.03.28
P.Elizabeth
S. Africa
1964/65
Aug 1964 Sgt Maj. 20th Nov 1964 Lt. / Chief of 55 Cdo. Feb 1965 left the Congo. 28th May 1965 returned as a Lt.
 
Carter Howard
.
Birmingham
UK
1964
22nd Aug 1964 Radio-operator. Feb 1965 Sgt / Signalman. Aug 1965 Lt. / Chief for signals in 5 Cdo.
 
Cassidy Sam
.
Glasgow
Scotland
1964/66
22nd Dec 1964 Sgt. Feb 1965 Sgt Maj. 1966 Capt. 1966 Maj. / Deputy Commander in 5 Cdo. 1966 kills Wigmo-mechanic in drunkenness. Imprisoned and sentenced to death. The judgment was changed to life imprisonment, after he had received the Leopold-Order. Was released in 1973 after paying a large part of the Watsa-gold.
 
Cathcart A.
1965
Lt. in 'Oscar Force' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen. 27th Oct 1965 was killed near Fizi.
 
Cayles C. A.
1965
Served in 'Force John'. 20th Nov 1965 right foot blown off just above the ankle and shrapnel in the left ankle and leg when a mine exploded.
 
Challener Davy
.1945
London
UK
1965
Served in 53 Commando. Killed in action?
 
Chaloner Davy
1941
1965
Feb 1965 Sgt. 21st Mar 1965 Sgt Maj. April 1965 killed near Niangara.
 
Chanu Claude
.
.
France
1964
22nd Aug 1964 Sgt 5th Cdo.
 
Christie George
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Clark Nobby
1965
Feb 1965. was at Samarit.
 
Coetzee F. G.
.
.
S. Africa
1964
Sept 1964 in 54 Cdo. Jan 1965 killed near Niangara.
 
Coetzee
1945
Jo/Myburgh
S. Africa
1964/65
In either 55, 56 or 57 Cdo.
 
Coleman 'Skinny'
.
Rhodesia
1964
Aug 1964 Severed in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Colmair
1965
Sgt. / Ordnance in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
Columbic Ron
.
.
.
1965
Feb 1965 Sgt. July 1965 Lt. 28th Sept 1965 killed at Baraka.
 
Cooper Gary
1914
London
UK
1964
Sept 1964. Dec 1964 Sgt. 14th Dec 1964 wounded.
 
Corbett Jim
S. Africa
1964
Feb 1964. Dec 1964 Sgt. 14th Dec 1964 Wounded.
 
Corderg J. F.
1964
 
Courodie
1965
'Force Oscar'.
 
Couvelis B.
1965
'Force Oscar'.
 
Cramer
 
Cramer J.
1964
Radio operator.
 
Cranko
1965
'Force Oscar'.
 
Crispi
Italy
1964
22nd Aug 1964.
 
Crooks E. V.
 
Crouse
1965
'Force Oscar'.
 
Crumplin B. V.
 
Cuccurullo S.
 
Dancer
1964
22nd Aug 1964.
 
Daniels
.
.
.
1964
Aug 1965. Radio Operator.
 
Deiorius M.
 
De-Jaeger Darby 
.
.
.
1964
Sgt Maj.
 
De-La-Michelle Chris
.
.
French
1964
14 Cdo.
 
De Milo
1965
'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Demetriou
Cyprus
1964
Sept 1964.
 
De-Mare A. W.
1965
 
De-Perreira A. S.
 
De-Laurier
.
.UK
1965
Feb 1965 Capt.
 
De-Murville Couve
.1934
.
.France
1964
Aug 1965 Capt. / Doctor. Related to a French F/ Minister.
 
Dieterniese
 
Dillon
1965
'Force Oscar'.
 
Douglas-Holdern Norrie
.
Lancashire
British
1965
Feb 1965 Sgt. 31st May 1965 killed near Bili.
 
Dreyer M. P.
Dreyer Tim
.
.
.
1965
5Cdo. Feb 1965 Sgt. 14th Oct 1965 wounded near Fizi.
 
Driescher M. J.
 
Duffy Peter
England
S.Africa
1965/67
 
Duke Charles
.
.
USA
1964
Feb 1965 Sgt. Aug 1965 Lt.
 
Du Plessis D. V.
 
Du Plooy
1964
21st Aug 1964.
 
Du Preez V.
1965
 
Duvenhage D. E.
 
Dyk Gary van
S. Africa
1966/67
5 Cdo.
 
Dyson Barry
.
.
.
1965
Feb 1965. 2nd June 1965 killed near Likati.
 
Eaves A.
 
Ellis G. L.
.
.
.
1964
28th Sept 1965 killed in action at Baraka
 
Ellis Francis
1965
Feb 1965 at Samarit.
Elson Billy
1965
5Cdo.
 
Engelbrecht G. J.
 
Engelbrech W.
 
Erasmus H. G. 'Johnny'
1965
Sept 1965 Sgt in 'Force Alpha' under Maj. Alastair Wicks. Oct 1965 2/Lt.
 
Eriksen
.
.
Denmark ?.
1964
Mike Hoare’s personal runner
 
Etheridge Eddie
English
53 Cdo. Killed taking Bunia
 
Evans
.
.
..
1964
As a Medic
 
Eybers H.
 
Eysse van
1965
In 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Fabri
.
.
Italy.
1964
Sept 1964 in 57 Cdo under Capt. Ian Gordon.
 
Famy H.
 
Feltrin E.
 
Ferreira A.
 
Fielding H.
1965
Lt. Chief in 51 Cdo.
 
Fletcher I. J.
 
Fletcher M.
1965
 
Flemming John
.
.
.
1965
Feb 1965 Capt. / Doctor.
 
Florence
Australia
1964
Lt.
 
Flynn P.
 
Foley R. J.
 
Foley J.P.
 
Ford J.
 
Forsbey
1964
Sept 1964 2/Lt. / Chief for 54 Cdo. 26th Dec 1964 Mike Hoare removes Forsbrey from the post of Commander of 54 Cdo.
 
Franklin
.
.
.
.1967
Sgt. under Lt. Col John Peters.
 
Gaffenka
.
.
German
1965
Feb 1965. Sgt. / Deputy in 52 Cdo.
 
Garoflette G. J.
1965
27th Oct 1965 with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Gay Alexander
1940
Scotland
1964/65
57 Cdo.
 
Gell Quinton
1965
In Force Oscar.
 
Germani HansI
.
.
.
1964
Doctor. Served under Mike Hoare & Protin.
 
Gillies A.
 
Glyn Brian
.
.
.
1964
Killed only there for 7 days.
Godfrey Ginger
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Gordon Ian Graham
10.05. 33
Woking
UK
1964
2nd Sept 1964 Capt. / Chief of 57 Cdo. 26th Dec 1965 Maj. / Chief 5 Cdo when Mike Hoare went to South Africa. 16th Jan 1965 Maj. for 'the old 5 Cdo". When Lt. Col Hoare returned, Ian Gordon left the Congo.
 
Gough
1965
Served with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Goulay
.
Scotland
1965.
Feb 1965 Sgt and Mike Hoares bodyguard.
 
Grant Donald Norman
22.04.24
Scotland
1964/65
Sgt. in 5 Cdo.
 
Green I. S.
1964
Sept 1964.
 
Greening M.
 
Gribbon
1966
Sept 1965. Served with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Griegs
1965
Served with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Griffin "Lucky"
.
.
Kenyan
1965.
Feb 1965 Lt. / Chief of 51 Cdo.
 
Grobbelaar Murry 'Mari' or Grobler Murry or Grobler Vol
.
.
S. Africa
1965
Feb 1965 served with 'Force John' under John Peters. Dec1965 served with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen. Had a farm in Golu.
 
Gurnell "Curly"
.
.
.
1964
Sept 1964 Sgt. Aug 1965 Lt.
 
Hagen
.
.
German
1965
Feb 1965 Sgt. in 'Force John' under Capt. Peters
 
Hattingh
1964/65
Sgt. in 52 Cdo.
 
Hammond
.
.
.
1965
Sgt in 'Force John' under Capt. John Peters. Oct 1965 Lt. 14th Oct 1965 wounded near Fizi.
 
Harper Bruce
.
.
.
1964
Sept 1964 served in 57 Cdo. under Capt. Ian Gordon. 24th Nov 1964 wounded. 30th Nov 1964 Died. Brother to Wally Harper.
 
Harper Wally
.
.
.
1964
Sept 1964 served in 57 Cdo. under Capt. Ian Gordon. Brother to Bruce Harper.
 
Harrison Tom
1916
.
Australia.
1964
Sept 1964 Sgt / Quartermaster. Aug 1965 Capt. / Commander of 5 Cdo.
 
Harrop E. G.
 
Havenga
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Hawkesworth G. D.
1965
 
Hider Ralph
1964/65
Sgt.
 
Hider Ralph
.
.
.
1964
Sgt.
 
Hill J.
 
Hilton V. G.
Hoare Mike
17.03.19
Calcutta
India
1964
July 1964 Maj. / Commander. 26th Dec 1964 leaves the Congo. 16th Jan 1965 Lt.-Colonel Commander of 5 Cdo. 9th Dec 1965 leaves the Congo.
 
Hobbins Barry
.1937
.
Canada.
1964/65
Sept 1964 served in 52 Cdo. under 2/Lt. Gary Wilson. Feb 1965 Lt. / Chief of 55 Cdo. Aug 1965 Capt.
 
Hodges
S. Africa
1964
Sept 1964. Nov 1964 steals $65000.00 from a box in a private home in Stanleyville. Takes sick leave and leaves the Congo with all the money.
Hoek J. Van-Der
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Hogan Graham
.
.
.
1964
9th Nov 1964 Lt. / Commander of 51 Cdo. 17th Aug 1965 killed in ambush near Bendera.
 
Holtshauseni C. W.
 
Holy Joe
1964
Sept 1964.
 
Horn G. P. J.
 
Horn N. L.
 
Horner J. E.
 
Hotchkiss H. R.
Houldsworth Bob
17.05.40
Manchester
British
 
Howard Willis
.
.
.
1964
Sept 1964. Served in 53 Cdo. under Lt. Jack Maiden. 28th Oct 1964 killed and buried at Buteembo.
 
Howells I. N.
 
Howie A. B.
 
Hoy
.
.
.
1964
Sgt. in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen. 16th Oct 1965 wounded in the thigh at Kasimia.
 
Hunt Eaton de la
1965
 
Hyden J. R.
 
Jacqmain Maurice
Belgium
1964
Aug 1964. Wounded at Albertville.
 
James J.
1965
Lt. in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Jenkins B. W.
 
Johnstone Peter
.
.
British
1964
Feb 1965 Capt. Mar 1965 Maj. / O.C. Base. Aug 1965 Maj. / Commander of 2. Battalion of 5 Cdo.
 
Joubert Gerry
.
.
.
1964
1964 Sgt. 1965 Lt. in 52 Cdo. 26th Mar 1965 Lt.t / Commander of 52 Cdo. 24th May killed between Niangara and Poko.
 
Kaiser Otto
1966
2/Lt. under Col Lt. John Peters.
 
Karavidas Georges
Greece
1964
Aug 1964. wounded in Albertville.
 
Kennedy
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Kenny Donald 'Don'
1936
Yorkshire
England
1964/65
5 Cdo.
 
Killen J. Georgie
.
.
.
1965
Served in 54 Cdo. 15th Mar 1965 killed at Nioka.
 
Killian G. A.
1965
 
King Sandeman 'Sandy'
.
UK
.1964
Dec 1964 Sgt. May 1965 killed at Niangara.
 
Kinnear Dr
Doctor
 
Kirk
.
.
.
1964
.
 
Kirton Pat
.
.
S. Africa
1964
21st Aug 1964 Lt.. Sept 1964 Lt. in 55 Cdo. 8th Nov 1964 blinded by flying glass during a fight by the Elila Bridge, and left the Congo.
 
Kleiman D. R. C.
 
Kock de
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Köhler Berndard
E.Germany
1964
21st Aug 1964. Served under Siegfried Müller. 29th Aug 1964 killed in Albertville, during his first patrol.
 
Kotterittsch Fritz
1935
German
1964
Served in 52 Cdo. Killed 19th Sept 1964.
 
Koukoulis
Greece
1965
In Force Oscar.
 
Krahl Georg
1930
Troppau
German
1964/65
1964 served in 52 Cdo.. 1965 Adjutant 5th Cdo
 
Krumme Peter
1964
Served in 52 Cdo. Killed 1964.
 
Kuyt A. J.
 
Kyriakis
Greece
1965
Sept 1965. Drowned at Baraka.
 
Labuschagne W. J.
1965
Sgt. Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen
 
Lang
1965
Sgt. 23rd Mar 1965 Wounded at Golu.
 
Lannigan Y. M.
 
Larson Roy
.
.
Swedish
1964
Dec 1964 Lt. on the 26th Dec 1964 Lt. / Commander of 57 Cdo. Mar 1965 Capt. / Commander of 57 & 58 Cdo. 29th May 1965 became sick and left the Congo.
 
Latinis Armand Francois
Belgium
1964
21st Aug 1964 Lt. 31st Aug Lt. / Commander of independent group in Kapona. 30th Sep 1964 Lieutenant in 61 Cdo.
 
Latz John
.
.
British
1964
Captain
 
Laubscher H. J.
 
Lavocah D. H.
 
Laubscher H. P.
 
Laws C. L.
Lee A.
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Lee B. K.
 
Le Brec R.
 
Linde Duck van der
Durban
S.Africa
53 Cdo.
 
Lindenburg
1965
Served in ' Force Oscar' under Capt. High van Oppen.
 
Linton
Salisbury
Rhodesia
1964
Served in 53 Cdo. under lt. Jack Maiden. Dec 1964 was killed at Niopka.
 
Locock K. C.
 
Lombard J. M.
 
Loots P. J.
 
Lord Dougie
.
.
British
1964
.
 
Lotz
.
.
.
1964
Served in 53 Cdo. 23rd Sep 1964 was wounded and paralysed for 14 months.
 
Lourens I. E.
 
Louw Ben
.
.
Rhodesian
1964/65
8th Sept 1964 Lt. of 52 Cdo.12th Oct 1964 Lt. / Head of 52 Cdo
 
Lucien-Brun Maurice (alias Paul Leroy)
.
.
French
1965
Feb 1965. Lt. / Commander of 53 Cdo. 24th Mar 1965 wounded over the right eye. 31st May 1965 Lt. / Commander of 54 Cdo. / District Commissioner in Niangara. Dec 1965 refused to serve with John Peters. Left 5 Cdo and joined 6 Cdo.
 
Lumsden Harry
 
Macaulay
1965
2/Lt. Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Maclagan
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Madden
.
.
.
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen. 28th Sep 1965 killed at Baraka
 
Madela David
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Mahei
Italian
1964/65
Served in 52 Cdo
 
Macey C. S.
 
Macleod W.
 
Maiden Jack
31.11.19
S. Africa
1964
Sept 1964 Lt. / Commander of 53 Cdo. 26th Dec 1964 Capt. / Deputy of 5 Cdo. Feb 1964 Capt. / Commander of 56 Cdo. March 1965 Capt. / District Commissioner in Dungu. 10th May 1965 Capt. / District Commissioner in Niangara. 1st June 1965 Capt. / Acting Commander in 5 Cdo. July 1965 Left the Congo.
 
Mandy George John
S. Africa
1956
Feb 1965.
 
Manning J.
 
Manning K.
 
Mansfield
.
.
.
1964
Sgt in 'Force John' under Commander John Peters. 20th Oct 1965 killed at Kawumbwe.
 
Marais B. J.
 
Masy Charles
1925
.
Belgium
1965
21st Aug 1965 Lt. / Supply Officer. 9th Sep 1964 Lt. in 52 Cdo. under Capt. Siegfried Muller. Feb 1965 Lt. in 6 Cdo.
 
May D.
 
May Michael
1964
21st Aug 1964. 6th Sept 1964 served in 51 Cdo. under 2/Lt. Gary Wilson. 13th Sept 1964 wounded at Lisala.
 
McCabe Edward Brian
.
.
S. African
1965
Fought in 2 of 4 campaigns
 
McCann L. P. K.
 
McDermott M. J.
 
McDermott P. S.
 
McDonald
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
McGrath M.
 
McIntosh John Stuart
1919
UK
S. African
1964
21st Aug 1964 Lt. / Staff Officer of 5 Cdo. Group Headquarters in Kamina. 11th Oct 1964 deserted during a stay in the capital Leopldville, via the British Embassy in the Congo, and returned to England.
 
McKenzie H.
 
McKenzie W.
 
McManus A.
 
McRory Mark
1938
Austin/Tex
USA
1965
Lt. / Chief 57 Cdo.
 
Menzies
.
.
.
1964
27th Nov 1964 wounded at Stanleyville.
 
Meizeli J.
 
Merkle D. P. D.
 
Meyer Jacobus Marnus 'Jake'
S.Africa
1964
Sgt. Mar 1965 2/Lt. Aug 1965 Lt. 1966 Committed Suicide in South Africa.
 
Michell G. S.
 
Mills Fin
1964
Sept 1964 Radio Operator.
 
Mills Paul
.
.
.
1964/65
A member of Major Hoare's staff.
 
Minsk
.
.
German
.
Served in 5th Commando
Moggach Gerry
Scotish
Served in 53 Cdo.
 
Moneta Tullio
 
Moore S. L.
1939
Yugoslavia
S.Africa
1964/65
Cook
 
Morgan
British
1964/65
Sergeant in 52 Cdo
 
Morgenster Jethro Q. 'Jet'
USA
1964
Sept 1964 Sgt. Mar 1965 2/Lt. Aug 1965 Lt. 10th Oct 1965 killed at Fizi.
 
Morse
1965
Served with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Mulholland R.
1965
 
Myers
Doctor
 
Nash C.
 
Nassy
1965
2/Lt. in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Naylor
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Neill P. O.
 
Nel B. R.
 
Nestler Walter
.
.
Germany
1964
21st Aug 1964. 29th Aug 1964 killed on Major Hoare’s 1st patrol at Albertville.
 
Newman D. (Dallas?)
1965
Mar 1965 served in 52 Cdo.
 
Nodes G. V.
 
Nolte
1965
17 Aug 1965 killed at Bendera.
 
North J.
 
Northedge Clifford Alan
.
.
.
.
.
 
Nuttal N. P. J.
 
Ockers C. J.
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Oglethorpe Vic
.
.
.
.
.
 
Oliver C. H.
 
O’Malley Patrick
.
.
.
.
Recruiter For Tshombe and 5 Cdo.
 
Ordway N. A.
 
Oosthuizen S. J.
 
Oosthuizen W. J.
 
Osthuizen
.
.
.
1964
killed in an ambush at Kindu
 
Otto
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Owen R. C.
 
Pahl I. J.
 
Palas Sofoklis
1964
Aug 1964 wounded at Albertville.
 
Parkinson
Lanc's
UK
1964
Sept 1964 Sgt in 51 Cdo. under Lt. Gary Wilson.
 
Patience
1964
Served in 56 Cdo. under Lt. Jeremy Spencer.
 
Patterson John G
.
.Durban
S. African
1965
Feb 1965 Sgt / Radioman in 53 Cdo under Lt. Maurice Lucien-Brun.
 
Peasey W. F.
 
Peckett C.J.
 
Peddle
.
.
.
1964
Sgt.
 
Peters John
1922
Leeds
British
1964
Sept. 1964 Sgt in 57 Commando under Capt. Ian Gordon.
20th Nov 1964 2/Lt.
26 Dec 1964 Capt. / Commander of 54 & 57 Cdo.
16th Mar 1965 Capt. / Commander of ”Force John”.
12th April 1965 Capt. / District Commissioner in Niangara.
6th May 1965 Commandant / Commander of ”Force John”.
10th May 1965 Forced to leave the Congo.
August 1965 Commandant / Commander of ”Force John”.
28th Sept 1965 Wounded in the leg at Baraka.
13th Oct 1965 Wounded in the leg again.
1st Dec 1965 Maj.
9th Dec 1965 Maj. / Commander-in-Chief of 5 Cdo when Hoare leaves Congo.
1st Jan 1966 Lt. Colonel / Commander-in-Chief of 5 Cdo.
26th Mar 1967 Retires as head of 5 Cdo.
1975 Peters was arrested by Thai customs officials in a drug smuggling operation in which Peters tried to fly opium in a C-46. Peters was killed by avigilante or by the Thai police.
 
Petersen
.
.
Danish ?.
1965
Feb 1965 Medic. 26th Mar 1965 wounded in hand. Oct 1965 Lt. in 'Force Oscar'
 
Pickford T. A.
 
Pietersen W. J.
 
Pike
1965
Served in 'Oscar Force'.
 
Pocock E.
 
Potgieter P.
 
Powell A. R. T.
 
Preez Du V.
 
Pretroius
S.Africa
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Priefeat Kurt
.
.
German
.
.
 
Proetti Alfredo
.
.
.
1964
55 Cdo
 
Pye Klim
53 Cdo.
 
Rademeyer
.
.
.
1965
17th Aug 1965 was killed in action near Bendera
 
Rall
.
.
.
1965
28th Sept 1965 killed in action at Baraka.
 
Rampono Manny
.
.
S.African
1964
.
 
Randall Steeve
S.Africa
1964
 
Regazzi Mario
23.10.35
Sondrio
Italy
21st Aug 1964. 29th Aug 1964 wounded near Albertville.
 
Richter R.
1965
Served with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Richter-Nel Hendrik nickname Utar-Nel
German
1964
Served in 52 Cdo. 2nd Oct 1964 Killed at Bikili.
 
Ries J. H.
1965
.
 
Rivers D. J.
 
Roberts
.
.
.
1964
Feb 1965 Sgt.
 
Roberts A.
1964
Sept 1964. Jan 1965 killed in action near Niangara.
 
Roets
.
.
Kenyan
1964
Sept 1964. Served in 57 Cdo. under Capt. Ian Gordon.
 
Rohwein Peter
Rhodesia
1965/66
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Roose
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Rosie A. C.
 
Rossi A.
 
Ross-Johnson
.
.
.
1965
May 1966 Lieutenant at the time when Hugh van Oppen was killed by a mercenary. Many things point at Ross-Johnson as being the killer.
 
Ross-Smith Peter
.
.
.
1964
1964 Sgt. 1965 Made up to Lieutenant.
 
Rowe
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar under Hugh van Oppen.
 
Rudolph
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar under Hugh van Oppen.
Ryn H. Van
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Sachs Jerry
Israel
53 Cdo.
 
Saeys Joe
Belgium
1965
Lt. / Radiooperator.
 
Sarsfield Patrick
1940
Ireland
1965
Aug 1965. 28th Sept 1965 wounded in action at Baraka. 14th Oct he died.
 
Scheepers Jacobus
S. Africa
1965
 
Schindler Wilfied
Fribourg
German
53 Cdo.
 
Schmitt Fritz
German
1964/65
Served in 52 Cdo
 
Schricker
S. African
1964/65
Lt. 52 Cdo
Schoeman Boet
Kenya
1964
Served in 57 Cdo. under Capt. Ian Gordon.
1940
.
S. Africa
1964
Sept 1964 2/Lieutenant / deputy in 53 Commando under Capt. Maiden.
17th Sept 1964 Lieutenant in 53. Commando.
26 Dec 1964 Capt. / Commander of 53 Commando.
February 1965 left the  Congo and returned home to Johannesburg.
17th Aug 1965 Capt.
1966 Major / Deputy in 5 Commando under Lt. Col. John Peters.
26th Mar 1967 Lt. Col.l / Commander-in-chief of 5 Commando.
April 1967 President, Gen.l Mobutu ordered the 5 Cdo closed down.
24th April1967 saw Schroeder as the last man to leave the Congo.
Schuller
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Schurman
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
Selvester
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Sheriff
1966
Lt. / Recruitment Officer in Johannesburg.
 
Sherriff
1964
Served in 57 Cdo. under Capt. Ian Gordon.
 
Shoesmith Samuel
New York
USA
1965
Feb 1965 Sgt.
Scott Sam
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Simpson S.
1965
Aug 1965 Adj. in 'Oscar Force' under Capt. Hugh van oppen.
 
Smallberger
S.Africa
1965
Feb 1965. Served in 'Force John' under Capt. John Peters. April 1965 killed in action at Niangara.
 
Smallman R. Sammy
.
.
.
1964
1964 Sergeant. August 1965 Lt. in ”Force John” under Commandant John Peters. 28th Sept 1965 Commander  of ”Force John” when Commandant John Peters was wounded. 20 Nov 1965 wounded by mine blasting accident. 22nd Nov 1965 he died.
 
Smit Kobus
53 Cdo.
 
Smith
1965
Feb 1965 Sgt in 'Force John' under Capt. John Peters.
 
Smith Ivan
1964
51 Cdo.
 
Smith P. H.
 
Snyman J. P.
 
Spencer Jeremy
UK
1964
Sept 1964 Lt. / Commander of 56 Cdo.14th Nov 1964killed in action at the Elila Bridge. 1st Officer Killed in the 5 Cdo.
 
Sprechenhauser
Germany
1964
21st Aug 1964.
 
Springboks
S.Africa
1964
3rd Sept 1964. served in 51 Cdo under 2/Lt. Gary Wilson.
 
Stephens R. D.
 
Stevens Alan
.
.
.Rhodesia
1964
Sept 1964 2/ Lt. in 56 cdo. under Lt. Jeremy Spencer. 14th Nov 1964 Lt. / Commander of 56 Cdo. when Spencer was killed.
 
Stevens A. H.
1965
Sgt. in 'Force John' under John Peters
 
Steyn A.
 
Steyn S.
Stranack Barry
1965/66
Sgt. Maj. in 5 Cdo. Albertville, Uvira, Bukavu, Shabunda, Paulis, Niangara, Dungu, Duru, Yakuluku etc. Promoted to Lt. Served with Skinny Coleman, Jimmy James, Maj Johnson, Col Hugh van Oppen, Lt Dick Hammond, Lt Bill Manning
 
Stolz W.
 
StrijdomM
.
.
S. African
1964
.
 
Stubbe Pieter
.
.
German
1964
.Served in 57 Cdo under Capt. Ian Gordon.
 
Sutherby I. A.
 
Sutherby J. A.
 
Swanepoel A. D. W.
1965
Adjudant in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Swart G. J. M.
 
Swart J. J. J.
 
Swinton A.
 
Stewart R. J.
 
Sylvester
.
.
Greek
1964
.
 
Tadford F. J..
Thomas Norman
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Thomas R. W.
 
Thompson C.
1965
Served in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Thompson Tommy
1965
5 Cdo.
 
Tolkemit W.
 
Topp T. R.
 
Tozzi Gino
.
.
Italian
1964/65
Sgt.
 
Townsend D.
1964/65
Sergeant 52 Cdo
 
Trevelyan
1944
.
.
1964
.
 
'Ugly'
1935
Rhodesia
1964
Sept 1964. Served in 51 Cdo under 2/Lt. Gary Wilson.
 
Uhlarz Hans
German
1964/65
52 Cdo
 
Ulmer Allan
1965
Served in 52 Cdo. Killed in action at Niangara.
 
Unger Derek
Durban
S. African
53 Cdo.
 
Valentin F. J. J.
 
Van de Hoek
.
.
Nederlands
1964
21st Aug 1964.
 
Valot R.
 
Van der Merwe P. J. W.
 
Van der Merwe S. A. S.
 
Van der Nielerk J. A.
 
Van der Nielerk J. M. R.
 
Van der Reijden J.
Van der Walt Piet       1965-67 Was in Force John John (5 Commando) when capturing Baraka and later selected for Force Falcon under Captain Liebenberg. He was there from 1965 until April 1967 when the Mercenaries contracts were suspended and After receiving a golden hand shake from Mabutu Sese Seko he returned home. PHOTOS
 
Van der Westhuizen
.
.
S. African
1964
5th Commando Cook killed at Tshopo Bridge
 
Van Grinsven J. A.
 
Van Oppen Hugh
26.08.31
.
British
1964
June 1965 Lt. / Commander of 52 Cdo.
August 1965 Capt /Commander of 52 Cdo.
25th Sept 1965 Capt / Commander of ”Force Oscar”.
1st Dec 1965 Capt / Deputy of 5 Cdo.
December 1965 Commandant / Deputy of 5 Cdo.
April 1966 Maj / Deputy of 5 Cdo.
18th May 1965 killed by another mercenary (lieutenant Ross-Johnstone?).
 
Van Rooyen E. J.
 
Van Wyk J. J. G.
 
Van Wyk J. L. N.
 
Van Zijl F. J.
 
Varga J. G.
 
Venter
1965
Adj. in 'Force Oscar'.
 
Verschuren P. B.
 
Viljoen
S. Africa
1965
 
Von Blottnitz
.
.
German
1964
.
 
Von Blottnitz Gerd
1937
Berlin
German
1964/65
1964 Adj. 52 Cdo 1965 Adj. / paymaster 5 Cdo.
 
Von Branis ( Brandis?)
.
.
.
1964
Feb 1965 Sgt in 56 Cdo. Killed in action.
 
Von Lieres Hans
.
.
German
1964
Sept 1964 in 57 Cdo under Capt Ian Gordon. 24th Nov 1964 wounded in the leg and behind one ear near Stanleyville. November 1964 evacuated to hospital in Johannesburg. January 1965 working as 5 Cdo's recruiting office in Johannesburg. February 1965 Lt. / Commander of 52 Cdo. 25th Mar 1965 wounded in the underarm near Wawa. Evacuated to Johannesburg. August 1965 Lt. again. 27th September 1965 Lt. / Commander of 6 Patrol Boats. December 1965 killed in car-accident at Albertville
 
Von Willkens Balt Joachim 
.
Baltic
E. Germany.
1964
1964. 1965 served with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Vorster J. B.
 
Weeks
S,African
1965/66
Capt.
 
Weldhagen J. C.
 
Weideman J. X.
 
Wepener J. F.
   
Rhodesia
1964
3rd Sept 1964 Sgt in 51 Cdo under Lt. Gary Wilson. 26th Dec 1964 Lt. / Commander of 54 Cdo. Feb 1965 killed in action.
 
Wells Raebourn
1964
Aug 1964.
 
Wettangel Heinz
Austian
1964
Served 52 Cdo and was Killed 1964.
 
Whall
1965
Served with 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Whitcomb
1965
Adj. in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
White C. J.
 
White Reginald
.
.
..
1964
Feb 1965 Driver in 52 Cdo under Lt. Hans von Lieres. Killed in action at Wara.
Wicks Alistair
.
.
British
1964
4th Sept 1964 Commandant / Deputy in 5 Cdo. 16th Jan 1965 Maj. / Deputy in 5 Cdo. 12th Dec 1965 left the Congo and went to Rhodesia. Also a Military Advisorto Tshombe. April 1978 died after a short illness.
 
Williams A.
Williams "Taffy"
.
Wales
British
.1965
Adj. in 'Force Oscar' under Capt. Hugh van Oppen.
 
Willaims L.H. Mike
.
American
.
USA forced him to leave
 
Wilson Gary
.1940
.
UK
.
3rd Sept 1964 2/Lt. / Commander of 51 Cdo. 8th Nov 1964 wounded and lost a finger then left the Congo.
 
Wright Paul
53 Cdo.
 
Young
..
.
.
.1964
3rd Sept 1964. Served in 51 Cdo under 2/Lt. Gary Wilson. 15th Sept 1964 Killed near Lisala.
 
Zeminides
 
..
.
.
.
.
.

................................................................................................

9 Commando 1964

11 Mercenaries, 100 volunteer Shakandi Baluba tribesmen and one Battalion of the Congo Army

Lead by Lt. Charles Gardien

 
Surnane
Date of Birth
Place
Country
Served
Extra Details
  Dufresne   Liege Belgium 1964 Adj.
  Galinos Paul   Rhodesia Greece 1964 Lt. 20th Nov 1964 killed at Pena-Lunanga.
  Gardien Charles     Belgium 1964 Lt. / Commander of 9 Cdo.
  Germani Hans 1931   Austria 1964 2nd Nov 1964 Lt. / doctor. 26th Nov 1964 transferred to 5 Cdo in Stanleyville. Ied in 1983 in Johannesburg.
  Grouwe Leon de     Belgium 1964 Dec 1964 Lt. Feb 1965 killed in action.
  Hendriks Marcel     Belgium 1964 18th Nov 1964 killed at kabambare.
  Hudovernik Ingo   Kapfenberg Austria 1964 1965 Lt. but is killed soon after promotion.
  Jungels   Arion Luxembourg 1964  
  Lambrette Edward 1938 Katanga Belgium 1964  
  Protin Andre     Belgium 1964 Maj. 20th Nov 1964 wounded in the leg at Penta-Lunanga. 13th Nov 1964 evacuated by helicopter. 1965 returned to service again in the Congo, serving in the General Staff's Legal Department in the Capital Leopoldville. 27th Nov 1965 along with Col. Lamouline they were accused of being the ringleaders behind a planned coup against President Mobuto. Both men were shown the door and ordered to leave the Congo within 24 hours.
  Verwaeke Jacky     Belgium 1964 Capt. 21st Nov 1964 Capt. / Commander of 9 Cdo when Maj. Protin gets wounded. Dec 1964 replaced as Commander by Lt. Gardien.
  Vida Zolton     Hungary 1964 Lt.
             

................................................................................................

The Mercenary Revolt 1967

5th July 1967 to 9th August 1967

5 Mechanized Brigade

Lieutenant Colonel Bob Denard (5th July 1967 wounded, 8th July 1967 evacuated to Lusaka )

6. Commando

1 Company          Major Karl Couke (killed 1st August 1967) – stationed in Lebo
2 Company          Captain Christian Laboudigue – stationed in Stanleyville
3 Company          Major Hubert Pinaton – stationed in Panga
4 Company          Captain Faugere – (11th July 1967 wounded and evacuated to Angola) – stationed in Aketi.
5 Company          Major Robert ”Bob” Noddyn - stationed in Uvira

10 Commando

Lieutenant Colonel Jean Schramme

1 Company          Captain Norman ”Gino” Denol (killed 1st August 1967) – attack Stanleyville.
2 Company          Captain Michel Hendricks (killed 6th July 1967) - attack Kindu.
3 Company          Captain Roger Noel – attacked Bukavu.

From 9th August 1967 to 5th November 1967

Commander-in-Chief, Lieutenant Colonel Jean Schramme

Staff-Company   .Major/deputy Gilbert Martin
1 Company          Lieutenant Bernard Oplipido
2 Company          Captain Christian Laboudigue
3 Company          Captain Roger Noel
4 Company          9th August 1967 to 14th August 1967  Major Hubert Pinaton – leaves Bukavu.
              ........August 1967  ..............................................Lieutenant Paulus – fired; October 67 killed.
               .......August to October 1967  ............................Lieutenant Georges Serren-Rosso – hid in Bukavu.
              ........October to 30th October 1967 ...................Lieutenant Guy Leleup – killed 30th October 1967
               .......30th October 1967 to 5th November 1967 Lieutenant Jean Michel Desbles

Mercanaries involved in the Rebellion Coming

Colonel Schramme is reported to have said  during November 1967, that  when the Mercenaries left Bukavu town and walked across the bridge into Rwanda: 'This is the end. On the 5th July we were180, and now we are123'.

Here are 173 of those volunteers

 
Surnane
Date of Birth
Place
Country
Served
Extra Details
  Alain Henri     France 1967 Adjudant in 10 Cdo.
  Annon     France 1967 Adjudant in 6 Cdo.
  Augereau Alain     France 1967  
  Balstra Ricaide     Italy 1967  
  Bastide Ferdinand     France 1967  
  Baur Yvan     France 1967  
  Belaporte or Delaporte Henri     Belgium 1967  
  Biauni Rene     France 1967 Lt. / Intelligence Officer in 6 Cdo.
  Billois P. ( Cosmas Dubbois)     France 1967 Lt. in 6 Cdo.
  Bleuken Ver     Belgium 1967 4th Nov 1967 in action seriously wounded in the neck and one leg. Evacuated to Rwanda. Probably sent home to Belgium from the hospital.
  Blin or Blain Jean Claude     Belgium 1967 Adjudant in 6 Cdo.
  Bortolletti Gianvitterie     Italy 1967 Body Guard for Lt. Col. Denard.
  Botanelio Roberto     Italy 1967 Citizen in Bukau. 25th March 1967 wounded. If he cant stay in Rwanda he will be sent home to Italy.
  Bracco Roger 1934   Belgium 1967 His family lived in Rwanda. 10th August 1967 flying as a pilot from Angola in a small plane he landed in lake Kiva at Bukavu.
  Brodure Jacques     Belgium 1967  
  Burnet Jacques     France 1967 6 Cdo.
  Burton Ronald     S. Africa 1967 10 Cdo.
  Caregnato Sandro     Italy 1967 10 Cdo. 7th July 1967 was killed in action at Kindu.
  Carotti Franco 1944   Italy 1967  
  Charles     Belgium 1967 10 Cdo. 5th July 1967 killed in action at Camp Ketele in Stanleyville.
  Chaume     Belgium 1967  
  Chiesa Carlo     France 1967  
  Christian 1920   Belgium 1967 Adjudant in 10 Cdo. 5th July 1967 killed in action at Camp Ketele in Stanleyville.
  Codier Jacques Martin     France 1967 2/Lt. in 6 Cdo. 29th October 1967 killed in action at Bukavu
  Cotnelius Raymond     Belgium 1967  
  Couke Karl 1942   Belgium 1967 Major in 6 Cdo. 1st August 1967 killed in action at Itebero on the way to Bukavu.
  Debras Gulles     Belgium 1967  
  Dehaere Freddy Johnny Whiskey     Belgium 1967 Bartender in 10 Cdo. 4th November 1967 killed at Bukavu.
  Demange Jean Louis     France 1967 Sgt/Radio operator in 6 Cdo. 8th July 1967 followed Lt. Col. Denard to Lusaka.
  Denard Robert 'Bob' 07.04.29 Bordeaux France 1967 Lt. Col. / Commander in Chief of 6 Cdo. 5th July 1967 wounded in action in Stanleyville. 8th July 1967 evacuated to Lasaka Rhodesia by air.
  Denul Norman 'Gino' 1939   Belgium 1967 Captain in 10 Cdo. 1st August 1967 killed in action at Itebero on the way to Bukavu.
  Denys       1967 29th October 1967 wounded in action at Bukavu. 4th November 1967 evacuated to Rwanda. Was probably sent home to Belgium direct from the hospital.
  Desbles Jean Michel     France 1967 Lt. Arrived in Bukavu in August 1967.
  Dessy louis     Belgium 1967 10 Cdo. 6th July 1967 killed in action in Kindu.
  Deville     Belgium 1967 Lt. / Radio in 10 Cdo. 9th August 1967 deserted to Rwanda.
  Dewitte Medard     Belgium 1967  
  D'hont Henri 'Henry'     Belgium 1967 Medical orderly in 10 Cdo.
  Drean Jean     France 1967  
  Drehant       1967 1st November deserted to Rwanda.
  Dubrus Leon     Belgium 1967  
  Envangelos Mitralos     Greece 1967  
  Faugere     France 1967 Captain in 6 Cdo. 11th July 1967 wounded in action at the airport in Stanleyville. Evacuated to Angola by air.
  Fieves (Fieves) Eugene     France 1967 Lt. in 6 Cdo.
  Fonsecsovr Antonio     Portugal 1967  
  Fonty August     Belgium 1967  
  Frazel Lacques     Belgium 1967 10 Cdo. Lived in Cyangugu in Rwanda with wife and children.
  Gay Alexander 1940 Glasgow Scotland 1967  
  Georges Lammers     Belgium 1967  
  Gerardini Alain   Frankrig   1967 Sgt. in 6 Cdo. 5th July 1967 killed in action at Stanleyville.
  Gianelly Guy     France 1967  
  Gibson Allan     Rhodesia 1967 10 Cdo. Brother of Dennis Gibson. 7th July 1967 killed in action at Kindu.
  Gibson Dennis     Rhodesia 1967 10Cdo. Brother of Allan Gibson. 7th July 1967 Killed in action at Kindu
  Girarday Alain   Frankrig   1967 6 Cdo. 1st August 1967 killed in action at Itebero.
  Gongalves Marie Rosindo     Porugal 1967 29th October 1967 wounded in action at bukavu.
  Gore Duncan     British 1967 10 Cdo.
  Gorissen       1967  
  Grenier Gabriel 1917   France 1967 Captain / Doctor in 6 Cdo.
  Hachon Hubert     France 1967  
  Haeseler Jacques     Belgium 1967  
  Hendrick Clement     Belgium 1967  
  Hendrick Michel     Belgium 1967 Captain 10 Cdo. 6th July 1967 killed in action at Kindu.
  Hermann Fnu     Belgium 1967  
  Hinden Max   Schweiz   1967  
  Houeyt Georges     Belgium 1967  
  Houillet Henry 1917   Belgium 1967 Adujdant in 10 Cdo. 29th October 1967 wounded in the arm in action. 4th November 1967 evacuated to Rwanda.Probable sent home to Belgium.
  Hull Peter Anthony     England 1967 10 Cdo.
  Jacquemin       1967  
  Jopart Camille     Belgium 1967 6 Cdo.
  Kampenners Paul     Belgium 1967  
  Karanicols Anglis     Greece 1967  
  Kingston John     Rhodesia 1967 10 Cdo. 7th July 1967 killed in action at Kindu.
  Lavalard Jean Claude     France 1967 6 Cdo.
  Laboudigue Christain     France 1967 Captain in 6 Cdo.
  Leduc Robert     Belgium 1967 6 Cdo.
  Lejeune Lucien     France 1967 Sgt. Major in 6 Cdo.
  Leleup Gay 1943   Belgium 1967 Lt. 30th October killed in action at Bukavu.
  Leva fario     Italy 1967  
  L'Horst Robert     Belgium 1967  
  Libert Leon (Lieberg-Lipert)     Belguim 1967 Pilot. 28th August 1967 arrives in Bukavu in a DC-3 with ammunition.
  Libert Emile     Belgium 1967  
  Lopez Maurice     Portugal 1967  
  Louwye Marcel     Belgium 1967 Married to Marie and Father to Marika. Mercenary / Accounting Officer in 10 Cdo.
  Louwye Marie Joses     Belgium 1967 Married to Marcel & Mother to Marika - 3 years. Followed her husband to Bukavu. 9th August 1967 Adjudant / chief in the governors house in Bukavu.
  Maccari Albq     Italy 1967  
  Macculun Hector Stanley     S. Africa 1967 10 Cdo.
  Madriazi Rosato     Italy 1967  
  Manasca     Portugal 1967 6 Cdo.
  Mandy George John     S.Africa 1967 10 Cdo. (Ex S.A.S. Soldier)
  Martin Gilbert 1907   France 1967 Captain in 6 Cdo. 9th August 1967 Major / Deputy in Bukavu.
  Martinez Jean Paul (Brono)     France 1967 Lt. in 6 Cdo.
  Marucci Lucien     Italy 1967  
  Mendez     Portugal 1967 Lt. in 6 Cdo. Unkown what happened to him.
  Merier Anseleme     Italy 1967  
  Michielsen     Denmark 1967 6 Cdo. Unkown what happened to him.
  Minter Jean Pierre     France 1967 Adjudant
  Mocho Franciso Santo     Spain 1967  
  Moens Roger     Belgium 1967 10 Cdo.
  Mora Giancarlo     Italy 1967  
  Moreau Guy     France 1967 Adjuant in 10 Cdo. 8th July 1967 wounded in action. Evacuated to Lusaka Rhodesia.
  Morel Jean Pierre     Belgium 1967  
  Moyaux Alexis (Alex)     Belgium 1967 Adjuant in 10 Cdo.
  Neoffitou Hercalis     Greece 1967  
  Noddyn Robert 'Bob' 1929   Belgium 1967 Major in 6 Cdo.
  Noel Raymond 'Roger' 1934   Belgium 1967 Captain 10 Cdo. Earlier had lived in the Congo.
  Oblipido Bernard     France 1967 Lt. in 10 Cdo.
  Otten Louis     Belgium 1967 Adjudant in 10 Cdo.
  Panettieri Carnelo     Italy 1967  
  Paulus     Belgium 1967 Lt. in 6 Cdo. In October 1967 was killed by Serren-Rosso.
  Pepe (real name unkown) 1907   Belgium 1967 Former mechanic in Bukavu. 10Cdo. as their mechanic.
  Peraux Jean Francois     Belgium 1967  
  Perbet Gerard     France 1967  
  Perreira Jose Gomez     Portugal 1967  
  Perrin Gerard     France 1967 2nd/Lt. in 6 Cdo.
  Pierre     Belgium 1967 6th July 1967 killed in action at Kindu.
  Pilpgis Pierre     France 1967 2nd/Lt. in 10 Cdo.
  Pinaton Hubert     Belgium 1967 Major in 6 Cdo. 14th August 1967 retired back to Belgium.
  Pir Michel     France 1967 Radio Operator in 6 Cdo.
  Placidi Bruno     Italy 1967  
  Pouillon Lue     Belgium 1967  
  Pourteau-Jorissen J. R.       1967  
  Proudtchenko Herve     France 1967  
  Puren Jeremiah Cornelius 27.08.24 Springs S. Africa 1967 Ex-Lt. Col. in the Congo Air Force. 10th August 1967 lands in Bulavu together with Captain Bracco.
  Pusetti Gian     Italy 1967  
  Richard Max 1949   France 1967  
  Riffani Luigi     Italy 1967  
  Robbyn Marc 1933   Belgium 1967 Lt. in 6 Cdo.
  Rodriques Roger 'Gus' (Neel)   Bruxelles Belgium 1967 Adjudant in 10 Cdo.
  Rognant Jean Pierre     France 1967 6 Cdo.
  Ronald Raymond     Belgium 1967  
  Roses Roger     Belgium 1967  
  Schmidt Karl 'Mini'     Germany 1967 Adjudant in 6 Cdo.
  Schom Philippe     France 1967  
  Schramme Jean 29.03.29 Brugge Belgium 1967 Lt. Col. / C-in-C of 10 Cdo. 7th July 1967 Lt. Col. / C-in-C of 6 and 10 Cdo.
  Sergonur Victor     Belgium 1967  
  Seron Pascal     Belgium 1967 Lt. 6 Cdo. August 1967 wounded in action on the way to Bukavu.
  Serren-Rosso Georges     Belgium 1967 Adjudantin 6 Cdo. Was Lt. in Bukavu.during October 1967he kills Lt. Paulus and hides in the pilots villa in Bukavu. 4th November 1967 was smuggling the battalion treasure to Europe.
  Shoojans Christian     Belgium 1967  
  Smemesh Josph     Isreal 1967 Battalion hair dresser.
  Smets Jaques     Belgium 1967  
  Symon Jacob     Belgium 1967  
  Taylor Colin     S. Africa 1967 10 Cdo. August 1967 killed in action at Bukavu.
  Rejon Amando Perez     Spain 1967  
  Trevieur Breno     Italy 1967  
  Van Bocholt Victor     Belgium 1967 Captain in 10 Cdo. Ex Hotel owner in Walikale Congo.
  Van Campenhout Omer     Belgium 1967  
  Van Den Dycke Roland     Belgium 1967 6 Cdo.
  Van Rooyen Peter     Rhodesia 1967 10 Cdo.
  Vandelewsky (Wendolowsky)Daniel     France 1967 Lt. 6 Cdo. 4th November wounded in action in the neck and shoulder.
  Vandenberghe Jean-Pierre     Belgium 1967 A Pilot, on 28th August 1967 arrived in Bukavu in a DC-3 with ammunition.
  Vanne Ronald     Belgium 1967  
  Verstrepen Petrus     Belgium 1967 2nd/Lt. in 6 cdo.
  Verwulgen daniel     Belgium 1967  
  Van Der Veuken (Vecken) Pierre     Belgium 1967 Lt. in 6 Cdo. 30th October 1967 killed in action at Bukavu.
  Voets Rene     Belgium 1967  
  Vosseler Gunther     Belgium 1967 12th September 1967 arrives in Bukavu via Rwanda.
  Voux     Belgium 1967 6 Cdo. July 1967 killed in action.
  Weismann Karl     Germany 1967  
  Zambon Itali     Italy 1967 Adjudant in 6 Cdo. 30th October 1967 killed in action in Bukavu.
             

This Data base is .© Copyright Terrance Aspinall 1990 All rights reserved

Source

Nigel Osborn. Frode Hansen. Ivan Beal. Victor Rosev. Barry Stanack. Munroe Swirsky. Edward Brian McCabe. Igor Potekhin.

'Les nouveaux mercenaires' by Siegfried Mueller

'Der “Kongo-Müller': Eine deutsche Söldnerkarriere by Christian Bunnenberg

'Congo Mercenary' by Mike Hoare

"L'Ommegang" by Col. E. P. Vandewalle

"White Soldiers in Black Africa" by Hans Germani